About Pain and Distress Categories

Designation of pain and distress categories for animal use protocols follows USDA classifications (B, C, D, E). Please consult available guidelines to identify the appropriate categories for common studies.

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Steven L. Youngentob, PhD 
Senior Associate Vice Chancellor for Research
Professor, Anatomy and Neurobiology
Professor, Psychiatry

Office of Research
910 Madison, Suite 608
Memphis, TN 38163
Phone: (901) 448-7125
Fax: (901) 448-7133