Animal Biology Index



Amphibians Baboon Cat
Chicken Dog Goat
Guinea Pig Mongolian Gerbil Mouse
Pigeon Quail Rabbit
Rat Rhesus Monkey Sheep
Squirrel Monkey Swine Syrian Hamster


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Amphibians

Scientific Name:

  • Xenopus laevis (wholly aquatic)
  • Rana pipiens (mostly terrestrial)

Class: Amphibia

Group: Anura (no tail when adult)

Order: Salientia (frogs & toads)

Body Temp.: Rana - 37.5 degrees C

Respiration Rate: 8 - 60 (temperature dependent)

Weight:

  • Adult Male
    • Rana - 36.4 + 5.11 g
    • Xenopus - 7.24 cm
  • Adult Female
    • Rana - 37.1 + 6.28 g
    • Xenopus - 9.33 cm
  • Newborn

Gestation period: 1 week

Avg. Litter Size:

Age at weaning:

Water Consumption:

Food Consumption:

  • Rana - live prey (insects)
  • Xenopus - beef heart, earthworms

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male
  • Female

Estrus Cycle: Spawn in 8 cm water 10-15 degrees C

Life Span: 25 years

Breeding Life:

  • Male - 2 - 3 years
  • Female - 2 - 3 years

Recommended Temperature:

  • 15 - 20 degrees C (active)
  • 2 - 3 degrees C (hibernate)

Relative Humidity:

Photo Period (light/dark):

* Housing Requirements:

Identification Methods: Toe clipping, skin autograft

Bleeding Methods:

Anesthesia Methods: tricaine methane sulphonate (MS-222)

Euthanasia Methods: Overdose of pentobarbital, MS-222, or pithing

Problem areas & diseases: Rana - rickets fungal disease. Parasites. red leg

Other: Live both in water & on land some species will starve if not fed live prey, have three chamber heart, tympanic membrane larger in male

* Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

Vendors
Xenopus


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Baboon

Scientific Name:

  • Papio cyncephalus (yellow)
  • Papio anubis (olive)

Class: Mammalia

Order: Primata

Body Temp.: 36 - 39 degrees C

Water Consumption: ad lib

Respiration Rate: 29 BPM

Weight:

  • Adult Male 22 - 30 kg
  • Adult Female 11 - 15 kg
  • Newborn 870 - 945 g

Gestation period: 184 days

Avg. Litter size: 1

Age at weaning: 5 - 6 mo.

Recommended Temperature: 64.4-84.2 degrees F (18-29 degrees C)

Relative Humidity: 30 - 70%

Photo Period (light/dark): 12/12

Identification Methods: Tattoo - chest or thigh

Food Consumption:

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 7 -15 years
  • Female 7- 15 years

Estrus Cycle: 35.4 + 0.9 days

Life Span:

Breeding Life:

  • Male
  • Female

* Housing Requirements: 8 sq. in., environmental enrichment

Bleeding Methods: Veins - femoral, jugular, cephalic, saphenous

Anesthesia Methods: ketamine, methoxyflurane, halothane

Euthanasia Methods: OD sodium pentobarbital

Problem areas & disease : TB, protozoan parasites, bacterial enteritis, pneumonia

Other: Male twice as large as female

* (See NIH Guide, page 14 and 18) Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

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Cat

Scientific Name: Felis catus

Class: Mammalia

Order:

Body Temp.: 101 degrees F

Respiration Rate: 26 BPM

Weight:

  • Adult Male 4 - 7 kg
  • Adult Female 4 - 7 kg
  • Newborn 125 g

Water Consumption: 100 - 200 ml

Food Consumption: 100 - 200 g

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 10 - 15 months
  • Female 10 - 15 months

Estrus Cycle: 15 - 21 days

Gestation period: 63 days

Life Span: 12 -16 years

Avg. Litter size: 1 - 8 kittens

Breeding Life:< P>

  • Male 5 - 8 years
  • Female 5 - 8 years

Age at weaning: 6 - 7 weeks

Recommended Temperature: 64.4-84.2 degrees F (18-29 degrees C)

Relative Humidity: 30-70 %

Identification Methods: collars, USDA#, tattoo, individual animal record

Photo Period (light/dark): 12/12

Housing Requirements: floor area/animal = 3 - 4 sq. ft., resting board

Bleeding Methods: cephalic and jugular veins

Anesthesia Methods: ketamine, halothane, methoxyflurane

Euthanasia Methods: OD pentobarbital or chemical euthanasia solution

Problem areas & diseases: feline leukemia virus, Panleukopenia virus, Chlamydia, parasites, ear mites, fleas, hairballs, Rabies, Calici virus, Rhinopneumonitis virus

Other: sensitive to aspirin; Acetaminophen is toxic; induced ovulation

* (See NIH Guide, page 14). Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

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Chicken

Scientific Name: Gallus domesticus

Class: Aves

Order: Galliforme

Body Temp.: 103 degrees F

Respiration Rate: 12 - 30 BPM

Weight:

  • Adult Male 1.5 - 3.5 kg
  • Adult Female 1.5 - 3.5 kg
  • Newborn 50 g

Gestation period: 20 - 22 days

Avg. Litter size: clutch (1 - 5 eggs)

Age at weaning: hatched

Recommended Temperature: 60-80 degrees F(16-27 degrees C)

Estrus Cycle:

Life Span: 3 - 5 years

Breeding Life:

  • Male 1-2 years
  • Female 1-2 years

Identitication Methods: # on metal leg bands

Relative Humidity: 45 - 70%

Photo Period (light/dark): 14/10

Water Consumption: 200 - 300 ml

Food Consumption: 125 - 250 g

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 18 - 24 weeks
  • Female 18 - 24 weeks

* Housing Requirements: Floor area/adult (0.25-3.0 sq. ft.), cage sizes should allow for normal physical activity and social interaction, Perches: to avoid contamination of feed and water

Bleeding Methods: jugular vein, brachial vein (wing vein)

Anesthesia Methods: methoxyflurane or halothane inhalation, ketamine

Euthanasia Methods: cervical dislocation, OD of anesthetic agent

Problem areas & diseases: mites, lice, pasteurella, Mareks disease, lymphoma salmonella, cannibalism, vitamin deficiencies, urinary problems

Other: nucleated red blood cells, no gall bladder, abdominal testes

* (See NIH Guide, page 14) Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

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Dog

Scientific Name: Canis familaris

Class: Mammalia

Order:

Body Temp: 101 degrees F

Water Consumption: 100-400 ml

Respiration Rate: 10 - 30 BPM

Weight:

  • Adult Male 6 - 25 kg
  • Adult Female 6 - 25 kg

Newborn 300 - 500 g

Food Consumption: 30 gm/kg/day

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 14 - 18 months
  • Female 14 - 18 months

Estrus Cycle: Biannual (6 - 7 mo.)

Gestation period: 56 - 58 days

Life Span: 12 - 14 years

Avg. Litter size: 4 - 8 pups

Breedirg Life:

  • Male 6 - 14 years
  • Female 6 - 14 years

Age at weaning: 6 - 8 weeks

Recommended Temperature: 64.4-84.2 degrees F (18-29 degrees C)

Identification Methods: chain collar/metal # tag, letter tattoo in ear or flank, individual animal record

Relative Humidity: 30-70 %

Photo Period (light/dark): 12/12

Housing Requirements: floor area/animal = 8 - 24 sq. ft. (tip of nose to base of tail + 6 inches), must provide exercise

Bleeding Methods: veins: cephalic, saphenous, femoral, jugular

Anesthesia Methods: halothane, methoxyflurane, tranquilizers, narcotics, sodium pentobarbital

Euthanasia Methods: OD of anesthetic drugs or chemical euthanasia solutions

Problem areas & diseases: Parasites Parvo virus, ear mites, Rabies, Canine Distemper Virus, Bordetella

Other: restraint: physical, chemical and psychological

* (See NIH Guide, page 14). Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

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Goat

Scientific Name: Capra hircus

Class: Mammalia

Order:

Body Temp.: 39.5 degrees C (100.9 - 105.3 degrees F)

Respiration Rate: 10 - 16 BPM

Weight:

  • Adult Male 50 - 100 kg
  • Adult Female 50 - 85 kg
  • Newborn 1 - 2 kg

Gestation period: 145-155 days

Avg. Litter size: 2

Age at weaning: 3 - 6 months

Recommended Temperature: 70 degrees F

Relative Humidity: outside environment

Photo Period (light/dark): 12/12

Water Consumption: ad lib

Food Consumption: 1 kg/hay/day

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 18 months
  • Female 18 months

Estrus Cycle: 18 - 21 days

Life Span: 8 - 15 years

Breeding Life:

  • Male 4 - 5 years
  • Female 5 years

Identification Methods: Ear tag, ear tattoo, chain/metal tag

* Housing Requirements: 10 - 20 sq. ft.

Bleeding Methods: Jugular, saphenous veins

Anesthesia Methods: ketamine, xylazine, methoxvflurane, halothane, sodium Pentobarbital

Euthanasia Methods: OD pentobarbital

Problem areas & diseases: Foot rot, black leg, coccidia, parasites

Other: very sensitive to xylazine and lidocaine

* (See NIH Guide, page 15) Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

Vendors
Nichols Hog Farm

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Guinea Pig

Scientific Name: Cavia porcellus

Class: Mammalia

Order: Rodentia

Body Temp: 103 degrees F (37.2 - 39.5 degrees C)

Respiration Rate: 84 BPM

Weight:

  • Adult Male 500 - 800 g
  • Adult Female 500 - 800 g
  • Newborn 80 g

Gestation period: 58 - 70 days

Avg Litter size: 2 - 4

Aga at weaning: 18 - 24 days

Recommended Temperature: 64.4-78.80 degrees F(18-26 degrees C)

Relative Humidity: 40 - 70%

Photo Period (light/dark): 12/12

Water Consumption: 70 ml

Food Consumption: 70 gm

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 12 weeks
  • Female 12 weeks

Estrus Cycle: 16 days

Life Span: 6 years

Breeding Life:

  • Male 2 years
  • Female 2 years

Identification Methods: color stamp; eartag; tattoo

* Housing Requirements: floor area/animal = 60 - 101 sq. in. polycarbonate or polypropelene (tub style cage), solid, bedded floor 8 solid walls to revent drafts

Bleeding Methods: cardiac puncture (anesthetized) (terminal)

Anesthesia Methods: ketamine, methoxvflurane, pentobarbital

Euthanasia Methods: C02, OD sodium pentobarbital

Problam areas & diseases : dystocia, slobbers, Bordetella bronchiseptica, pregnancy toxemia (ketosis), malocclusion

Other: requires vitamin C; penicillin is toxic

* (See NIH Guide, page 14) Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

Vendors
Charles Rivers Laboratory/Sasco
Harlan Sprague Dawley

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Mongolian Gerbil

Scientific Name: Meriones unguiculatus

Class: Mammalia

Order: Rodentia

Body Temp: 99.4 degrees F (37.0-38.5 degrees C)

Respiration Rate: 90 BPM

Weight:

  • Adult Male 80 - 100 gm
  • Adult Female 80 - 100 gm
  • Newborn 2 gm

Water Consumption: 4-7 ml/100 gm/day

Food Consumption: 5-8 gm/100 gm/day

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 13 weeks
  • Female 13 weeks

Estrus Cycle: 4 - 6 days

Gestation period: 25 - 26 days

Life Span: 3 years

Avg.Litter size: 4 - 5

Breading Life:

  • Male 2 years
  • Female 2 years

Age at weaning: 21 days

Recommended Temperature: 64.4-78.8 degrees F(18-26 degrees C)

Relative Humidity: 30 - 50%

Photo Period (light/dark): 12/12

*Housing Requirements: floor area/animal = 20 sq. in., solid bottom, solid sides

Identification Methods: ear punch, metal ear tags, dye marking

Bleeding Methods: retroorbital (anesthetized), heart puncture (anesthetized)(terminal), (small quantities): tail vein

Anesthesia Methods: ketamine, pentobarbital, methoxyflurane

Euthanasia Methods: carbon dioxide, pentobarbital IP

Problam areas & diseases: cataleptic seizures, "sorenose", Tyzzer's disease, rough hair coat

Other : streptomycin is toxic; large adrenals

* Recommended guidelines.

Vendors
Charles Rivers Laboratory/Sasco

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Mouse

Scientific Name: Mus musculus

Class: Mammalia

Order: Rodentia

Body Temp.: 99 degrees F (36.5-38 degrees C)

Respiration Rate: 163 BPM

Weight:

  • Adult Male 25 - 50 gm
  • Adult Female 25 - 50 gm
  • Newbom 1.0 gm

Water Consumption: 15 ml/100 gm/day

Food Consumption: 15 gm/100 gm/day

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 7 weeks
  • Female 7 weeks

Estrus Cycle: 4 - 5 days

Gestation period: 19 - 21 days

Life Span: 2 years

Avg. Litter size: 5 - 10 pups

Breeding Life:

  • Male 8 months
  • Female 8 months

Age at weaning: 21 days

Recommended Temperature: 64.4-78.8 degrees F(18-26 degrees C)

Relative Humidity: 4 0 - 7 0 %

Identification Methods: ear tags, ear punch, notch

Photo Period (light/dark): 10/14

* Housing Requirements: floor area/animal = 6 -15 sq. in.

Bleeding Methods: orbital sinus, cardiac puncture in anesthetized animal (terminal procedure)

Anesthesia Methods: ketamine/xylazine, methoxyflurane, barbiturates pentobarbital 5 mg/100 gm body weight IP

Euthanasia Methods: OD barbiturates, CO2, cervical dislocation

Problem areas & diseases: grooming, teeth (malocclusion), cannibalism, pinworms, mouse pox - ectromelia virus, sendai, mouse hepatitis virus, mycoplasmosis

Other: may have accessory adrenocortical nodules

*(See NIH Guide, page 13). Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

Vendors
Charles Rivers Laboratories
Harlan Sprague Dawley
Jackson Laboratories
Taconic Farms, Inc.
NCI

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Pigeon

Scientific Name: Colomba ssp.

Class: Aves

Order: Columbiformes

Body Temp.: 41 degrees C (106.6 degrees F)

Water Consumption:

Gestation period: 16 - 18 days

Avg. Litter size: 3 - 5

Respiration Rate: 20 - 35 BPM

Weight:

  • Adult Male 250 - 600 g
  • Adult Female 250 - 600 g
  • Newborn 20 - 50 g

Age at weaning: Hatching (3 - 4 weeks)

Recommended Temperature: 18 degrees C (at adult)

Relative Humidity: 45 - 55%

Photo Period (light/dark): 14/10

*Housing Requirements: 0.8 sq. ft./bird

Food Consumption: 100-150 gm/200-250 mg

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 6 months
  • Female 6 months

Estrus Cycle:

Life Span:

Breeding Life:

  • Male 8 -10 years
  • Female 8 - 10 years

Identification Methods: Leg band with number

Bleeding Methods: Jugular, brachial veins

Aneathesia Methods: methoxyflurane, halothane, ketamine

Problem areas & diseases: cannibalism, mites, salmonella

Euthanasia Methods: C02, cervical dislocation, OD anesthetic agent

Other: usually monogamous

* (See NIH Guide, page 14) Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

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Quail

Scientific Name: Coturnix cotumix japonica

Class: Aves

Order: Galliforme

Body Temp: 106.3 degrees F

Respiration

Weight:

  • Adult Male 100 - 130 g
  • Adult Female 120 - 160 g
  • Newborn 6 - 8 g

Water Consumption: ad lib

Food Consumption: 100 gm/300 gm

Gestation period:

Avg Litter size: 1 - 3

Age at weaning: 3 weeks

Recommended Temperature: 18 degrees C at adult

Relative Humidity: 60%

Photo Period (light/dark): 14/10

* Housing Requirements: 0.25 sq. ft./bird

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 38 - 42 days
  • Female 38 - 42 days

Estrus Cycle:

Life Span: 24 - 26 weeks

Breeding Life:

  • Male 120 days
  • Female 120 days

Identification Methods: Leg Bands

Bleeding Methods: Jugular, brachial veins, heart puncture

Anesthesia Methods: metomidate (IM 20 mg/kg), methoxyflurane, halothane, ketamine

Euthanasia Methods: cervical dislocation, OD on gas anesthesia

Problem areas & diseases: respiratory disorders, coccidia, fowl pox

Other:

*(See NIH Guide page 14) Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

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Rabbit

Scientific Name: Oryctolagus cuniculus

Class: Mammalia

Order: Lagomorpha

Body Temp.: 103 degrees F (38.5-40 degrees C)

Respiration Rate: 35 - 65 BPM

Weight:

  • Adult Male 2 - 5 kg
  • Adult Female 2 - 5 kg
  • Newborn 40 gm

Gestation period: 29 - 35 days

Avg. Litter size: 4 -10 kits

Age at weaning: 4 weeks

Recommended Temperature: 60.8-69.8 degrees F (16-21 degrees C)

Relative Humidity: 40 - 60%

Photo Period (light/dark): 14/10

Water Consumption: 5-10 ml/100 gm/day

Food Consumption: 5 gm/100 gm/day

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 6 - 9 months
  • Female 6 - 9 months

Estrus Cycle: induced

Life Span: 6 years

Breeding Life:

  • Male 3 years
  • Female 3 years

Identification Methods: ear studs, tags, ear tattoo

* Housing Requirements: floor area/animal = 1.5 - 5 sq. ft stainless steel, wire mesh floor

Bleeding Methods: marginal ear vein, cardiac puncture (anesthetized)(terminal), central ear artery

Anesthesia Methods: halothane, pentobarbital, methoxyflurane, ketamine-xylazine

Euthansia Methods: chemical euthanasia solutions given IV, overdose of anesthetic agent/CO2

Problem areas & diseases: ear mites, enteritis, pasteurellosis (snuffles), malocclusion, "broken back" (if handled improperly)

Other: urine is naturally cloudy; coprophagic; induced ovulation

* (See NIH Guide, page 14). Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

Vendors
Myrtle's Rabbitry

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Rats

Scientific Name: Rattus novegicus

Class: Mammalia

Order: Rodentia

Body Temp: 90 degrees F (35.9 - 37 5 degrees C)

Respiration Rate: 85.5 BPM

Weight:

  • Adult Male 300 g
  • Adult Female 200 g
  • Newborn 5 g

Water Consumption: 40 ml (100 ml/kg/day)

Food Consumption: 32 gm (100 ml/kg/day)

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 13 weeks
  • Female 13 weeks

Estrus Cycle: 4 - 5 days

Gestation period: 20 - 22 days

Life Span: 3 years

Avg. Litter size: 7 - 11

Breeding Life:

  • Male 1.5 years
  • Female 1.5 years

Age at weaning: 21 days

Recommandad Temperature: 64.4-78.8 degrees F(18-26 degrees C)

Relative Humidity: 40 -70%

Photo Period (light/dark): 12/12

Identification Methods: ear notch, punch; tattoo

* Housing Requirements: floor area/animal = 17 - 70 sq. in.

Bleeding Methods: (tail) subclavian vein, orbital sinus (anesthetized), cardiac puncture (anesthetized)(terminal) - 10% of blood volume can be withdrawn for recovery procedure

Anesthesia Methods: 87 mg/kg ketamine 813 mg/kg xylazine, 6 - 10 mg/100 g body weight sodium pentobarbital, methoxyflurane

Euthanasia Methods: CO2 tank, OD sodium pentobarbital

Problem areas & diseases: human-rat bite fever, ring tail, cannibalism, malocclusion, Sendai virus, SDA virus, mycoplasmosis, pinworms

Other 1. Wistar albino 2. Sprague-Dawley albino 3. Long-Evans rat 4. Fisher-344 (f-344) no gall bladder; Hardenian gland secretes porphyrin ("red tears")

*(See NIH Guide, page 13) Housing regulations may change pending new legislation.

Vendors
Charles Rivers Laboratories
Harlan Sprague Dawley
Hilltop Labs

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Rhesus Monkey

Scientific Name: Macca mulatta

Class: Mammalia

Order: Primata

Body Temp.: 101 degrees F

Water Consumption: 400- 900 ml

Respiration Rate: 30 - 50 BPM

Weight:

  • Adult Male 6 - 11 kg
  • Adult Female 6 - 11 kg
  • Newborn 550 g

Gestation period: 150 - 175 days

Avg. Litter size: 1

Age at weaning: 12 - 27 months

Recommended Temperature 64.4-84.2 degrees F(18-29 degrees C)

Relative Humidity: 30-70%

Photo Period (light/dark): 12/12

Food Consumption: 400 - 600 g

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 4 - 5 years
  • Female 4 - 5 years

Estrus Cycle: 28 days

Life Span: 20 - 30 years

Breeding Life:

  • Male 15 years
  • Female 15 years

* Housing Requirements: floor area/animal = 4.3 - 6 sq. ft., must have provision for environmental enrichment

Identification Methods: tattooing on chest or inner thigh individual animal record

Bleeding Methods: cephalic, saphenous, femoral, and jugular veins

Anesthesia Methods: ketamine, sodium pentobarbital, halothane, methoxyflurane

Euthanasia Methods: OD of sodium pentobarbital

Problem areas & diseases: diarrhea (Salmonella, Shigella, Giardia, Entamoeba), respiratory diseases, tuberculosis, herpes virus B, measles

Other: needs vitamin C, cheek pouches, sex skin

* (See NIH Guide, pages 14 and 16). Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

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Sheep

Scientific Name: Ovis aries

Class: Mammalia

Order:

Body Temp.: 101 - 103 degrees F

Respiration Rate: 20 BPM

Weight:

  • Adult Male 50 - 150 kg
  • Adult Female 50 - 100 kg
  • Newborn 1.5 - 2 kg

Gestation period: 144 -151 days

Avg. Litter size: 1 - 3

Age at weaning: 60 - 80 days

Recommended Temperature: 70 degrees F

Relative Humidity: outside environment

Photo Period (light/dark): 12/12

Water Consumption: ad lib

Food Consumption: 1 - 2 kg

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 18 months
  • Female 18 months

Estrus Cycle: 16 - 17 days

Life Span: 8 - 13 years

Breeding Life:

  • Male 4 - 5 years
  • Female 4 - 5 years

Identification Methods: ear tags, ear tattoo

* Housing Requirements: floor area/animal = 7.5 - 20 sq. ft., roof with 3 side walls: to ensure protection from wind and draft; wire mesh or wood slated floors; bedding: straw or wood chips

Bleeding Methods: jugular vein, saphenous vein

Anesthesia Methods: sodium pentobarbital, xylazine, ketamine

Euthansia Methods: OD sodium pentobarbital or chemical euthanasia solutions

Problem areas & diseases: coccidia, tetanus, dysentery, internal parasites, pneumonia, bloat

Other: lanolin glands; seasonally polyestrus

* (See NIH Guide, page 15). Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

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Squirrel Monkey

Scientific Name: Saimiri sciureus

Class: Mammalia

Order: Primata

Body Temp.: 39.6 degrees F

Water Consumption: 50-100 mg daily

Respiration Rate: 55 + 11 BPM

Food Consumption: 45 - 60 g

Weight:

  • Adult Male 750- 900 g
  • Adult Female 500- 800 g
  • Newborn 110 g

Estrus Cycle: 7 - 13 days

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 2 - 4 years
  • Female 1.5 - 2 years

Gestation period: 150 days avg. (137 - 175)

Life Span: 15 - 20 years

Avg. Litter size: 1

Breeding Life:

  • Male 8 - 10 years
  • Female 8 - 12 years

Age at weaning: 4 - 6 months

Recommended Temperature: 64.4-84.2 degrees F (18-29 degrees C)

Identification Methods: Tattoo - chest or inside of thigh

Relative Humidity: 30 - 70%

Photo Period (light/dark): 12/12

* Housing Requirements: 3 sq. ft., environmental enrichment

Bleeding Methods: Veins: femoral or jugular

Anesthesia Methods: ketamine, pentobarbital, methoxyflurane, halothane

Euthanaia Methods: OD sodium pentobarbital

Problem areas & diseases: Dental disease, endoparasites, pneumonia, TB, diarrhea

Other: Vitamin D3 required, prehensile tail (long), nostrils open to front or sides

*(See NIH Guide, pages 14 and 16) Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

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Swine

Scientific Name: Sus domesticus

Class:

Order:

Body Temp: 102 degrees F

Water Consumption: up to 20 liters

Food Consumption: 5% body weight

Respiration Rate: 8 - 18 BPM

Weight:

  • Adult Male 50 - 250 kg
  • Adult Female 50 - 250 kg
  • Newborn 1.2 kg

Gestation period: 112 - 115 days

Avg Litter size: 8 - 15

Age at weaning: 4 - 6 weeks

Recommended Temperature: 70 degrees F

Relative Humidity : outside environment

Photo Period (light/dark): 12/12

Sexual Maturity

  • Male 9- 11 months
  • Female 9 - 11 months

Estrus Cycle: 21 days

Life Span: 6 - 9 years

Breeding Life:

  • Male 3 - 4 years
  • Female 3 - 4 years

Identification Methods: ear notch, ear tags, tattoo

*Housing Requirements: Floor area/adult (6-60 sq. ft.), outdoors: open front shed, concrete floors, chain link fencing, shade trees and/or stands or cooling pond

Bleeding Methods: marginal ear vein, anterior vena cave

Anesthesia Methods: ketamine/xylazine, sodium pentobarbital, halothane, methoxyflurane

Euthanasia Methods: OD sodium pentobarbital, captive bolt gun

Problem areas & diseases: internal parasites, enteritis, salmonella, heat stroke, pneumonia

Other: certain breeds are susceptible to malignant hyperthermia

* (See NIH Guide, page 15) Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

Vendors
Nichols Hog Farm

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Syrian Hamster

Scientific Name: Mesocricetus auratus

Class: Mammalia

Order:

Body Temp: 98.6 degrees F (37-38 degrees C)

Respiration Rate: 35 - 120 BPM

Weight:

  • Adult Male 80 - 100 gm
  • Adult Female 80 - 100 gm
  • Newborn 2 gm

Gestation period: 15 - 18 days

Avg. Litter size: 5 -10

Age at weaning: 21 days

Recommended Temperature: 64.4-78.8 degrees F (18-26 degrees C)

Relative Humidity: 40-70%

Photo Period (light/dark): 14/10

Water Consumption: > 20 ml/100 gm/day

Food Consumption: > 15 gm/100 gm/day

Sexual Maturity:

  • Male 7 weeks
  • Female 7 weeks

Estrus Cycle: 4 days

Life Span: 2 years

Breeding Life:

  • Male 1 year
  • Female 1 year

* Housing Requirements: floor area/animal = 10 - 19 sq. in.

Bleeding Methods: cardiac puncture (anesthetized) (terminal), orbital plexus (anesthetized), small sample: cephalic vein

Identification Methods: ear notch, tattoo, ear tag

Anesthesia Methods: ketamine, methoxyflurane, pentobarbital

Euthansia Methods: OD sodium pentobarbital, C02

Problem areas & diseases: Salmonella, LCM, enteritis, pneumonia demodex-skin mite, abscesses from fight wounds

Other: hibernation; cheek pouches

*(See NIH Guide, Page 14).Housing requirements may change pending new legislation.

Vendors
Charles Rivers Laboratory/Sasco
Harlan Sprague Dawley

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