Edward Chaum, M.D., Ph.D.

Edward Chaum, M.D., Ph.D.

Plough Foundation Professor
of Retinal Diseases

Department of Ophthalmology
Department of Pediatrics
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology
Department of Biomedical Engineering


The University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Hamilton Eye Institute
930 Madison Avenue, Suite 731
Memphis, TN 38163
Tel: (901) 448-5975
Email: Edward Chaum



Education

  • Ph.D. Institution: Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences
  • M.D. Institution: Cornell University Medical College

Link

Ophthalmology - Edward Chaum

Research Interests

The focus of the basic science research program in our laboratory is in five major areas:

  • Translational research in the development and application of gene therapy to the treatment of retina degenerative diseases,
  • Tissue engineering approaches to understanding and modulating the growth, aging and wound healing responses of ocular retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE),
  • Molecular analyses of retinal pigment epithelial cell responses to oxidative stress,
  • Characterization of a newly discovered IGF binding protein regulatory system in the RPE, and
  • Tele-ophthalmology and automated diagnostics

Other areas of active research include collaborations on numerous pilot basic science and clinical projects with investigations into:

  • Genomic analysis of RPE gene expression,
  • The role of CD81 in proliferative vitreoretinopathy, wound healing and retinal detachment,
  • The role of Arf gene mutations in the developmental eye anomaly persistent fetal vasculature,
  • Electrochemical quantification of blood metabolites and drugs, and
  • Nanotechnology applications in retinal surgery, and
  • Clinical research studies.

Representative Publications

  • Adal KM, SidibĂ© D, Ali S, Chaum E, Karnowski TP, MĂ©riaudeau F. Automated detection of microaneurysms using scale-adapted blob analysis and semi-supervised learning. Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2014 Apr;114(1):1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.cmpb.2013.12.009. Epub 2014 Jan 7. PubMed PMID: 24529636.
  • Alami NH, Smith RB, Carrasco MA, Williams LA, Winborn CS, Han SS, Kiskinis E, Winborn B, Freibaum BD, Kanagaraj A, Clare AJ, Badders NM, Bilican B, Chaum E, Chandran S, Shaw CE, Eggan KC, Maniatis T, Taylor JP. Axonal transport of TDP-43 mRNA granules is impaired by ALS-causing mutations. Neuron. 2014 Feb 5;81(3):536-43. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2013.12.018. PubMed PMID: 24507191; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3939050.
  • Nathan DM, Bayless M, Cleary P, Genuth S, Gubitosi-Klug R, Lachin JM, Lorenzi G, Zinman B; DCCT/EDIC Research Group. Diabetes control and complications trial/epidemiology of diabetes interventions and complications study at 30 years: advances and contributions. Diabetes. 2013 Dec;62(12):3976-86. doi: 10.2337/db13-1093. PubMed PMID: 24264395; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3837056.
  • Cheng CY, Schache M, Ikram MK, Young TL, Guggenheim JA, Vitart V, MacGregor S, Verhoeven VJ, Barathi VA, Liao J, Hysi PG, Bailey-Wilson JE, St Pourcain B, Kemp JP, McMahon G, Timpson NJ, Evans DM, Montgomery GW, Mishra A, Wang YX, Wang JJ, Rochtchina E, Polasek O, Wright AF, Amin N, van Leeuwen EM, Wilson JF, Pennell CE, van Duijn CM, de Jong PT, Vingerling JR, Zhou X, Chen P, Li R, Tay WT, Zheng Y, Chew M; Consortium for Refractive Error and Myopia, Burdon KP, Craig JE, Iyengar SK, Igo RP Jr, Lass JH Jr; Fuchs' Genetics Multi-Center Study Group, Chew EY, Haller T, Mihailov E, Metspalu A, Wedenoja J, Simpson CL, Wojciechowski R, Höhn R, Mirshahi A, Zeller T, Pfeiffer N, Lackner KJ; Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium 2, Bettecken T, Meitinger T, Oexle K, Pirastu M, Portas L, Nag A, Williams KM, Yonova-Doing E, Klein R, Klein BE, Hosseini SM, Paterson AD; Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions, and Complications Research Group, Makela KM, Lehtimaki T, Kahonen M, Raitakari O, Yoshimura N, Matsuda F, Chen LJ, Pang CP, Yip SP, Yap MK, Meguro A, Mizuki N, Inoko H, Foster PJ, Zhao JH, Vithana E, Tai ES, Fan Q, Xu L, Campbell H, Fleck B, Rudan I, Aung T, Hofman A, Uitterlinden AG, Bencic G, Khor CC, Forward H, Pärssinen O, Mitchell P, Rivadeneira F, Hewitt AW, Williams C, Oostra BA, Teo YY, Hammond CJ, Stambolian D, Mackey DA, Klaver CC, Wong TY, Saw SM, Baird PN. Nine loci for ocular axial length identified through genome-wide association studies, including shared loci with refractive error. Am J Hum Genet. 2013 Aug 8;93(2):264-77. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2013.06.016. PubMed PMID: 24144296; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3772747.
  • Karnowski TP, Giancardo L, Li Y, Tobin KW, Chaum E. Retina image analysis and ocular telehealth: The oak ridge national laboratory-hamilton eye institute case study. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2013;2013:7140-3. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2013.6611204. PubMed PMID: 24111391.
  • Ali S, SidibĂ© D, Adal KM, Giancardo L, Chaum E, Karnowski TP, MĂ©riaudeau F. Statistical atlas based exudate segmentation. Comput Med Imaging Graph. 2013 Jul-Sep;37(5-6):358-68. doi: 10.1016/j.compmedimag.2013.06.006. Epub 2013 Jul 27. PubMed PMID: 23896588.

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